Hoe 140 and pseudo-irreversible antagonism in the rat vas deferens in vitro.
Asghar AU., Wheeldon A., Coleman RA., Bountra C., McQueen DS.
The effects of bradykinin and the bradykinin B(2) receptor antagonists D-Arg-[Hyp(3),Thi(5,8),D-Phe(7)]-bradykinin (NPC 349) and D-Arg-[Hyp(3),Thi(5),D-Tic(7),Oic(8)]-bradykinin (Hoe 140) were examined in the electrically-stimulated rat vas deferens. Cumulative additions of bradykinin (1-3000 nM) produced two distinct responses: an enhancement in the magnitude of the basal electrically-induced twitch response (neurogenic response) and an increase in the baseline tension (musculotropic response). NPC 349 (10-100 microM) produced concentration-dependent surmountable rightward shifts of both the bradykinin neurogenic and musculotropic response curves. In contrast, while Hoe 140 (10-100 nM) caused an apparently surmountable antagonism of the bradykinin neurogenic response, it caused an apparent insurmountable antagonism of the bradykinin musculotropic response. Interestingly, co-incubation of Hoe 140 (30 nM) with NPC 349 (30 and 100 microM) resulted in a concentration-related upwards displacement of the Hoe 140-suppressed bradykinin musculotropic response curve. Thus, Hoe 140 can be described as a pseudo-irreversible antagonist against the bradykinin musculotropic response. No time-dependent changes were observed in the maximum bradykinin musculotropic response attainable when NPC 349 (100 microM) additions were made for the final 2 or 18 min of the Hoe 140 incubation (20 min). These findings indicate that slow reversibility of Hoe 140 from the bradykinin B(2) receptor is unlikely to be the mechanism responsible for the pseudo-irreversible antagonism of the bradykinin-induced musculotropic response. Instead, we propose an alternative explanation involving a third, unstable and inactive form of the bradykinin B(2) receptor.