Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

DHTKD1 is a lesser-studied E1 enzyme among the family of 2-oxoacid de-hydrogenases. In complex with E2 (di-hydro-lipo-amide succinyltransferase, DLST) and E3 (dihydrolipo-amide de-hydrogenase, DLD) components, DHTKD1 is involved in lysine and tryptophan catabolism by catalysing the oxidative de-carboxyl-ation of 2-oxoadipate (2OA) in mitochondria. Here, the 1.9 Å resolution crystal structure of human DHTKD1 is solved in complex with the thi-amine diphosphate co-factor. The structure reveals how the DHTKD1 active site is modelled upon the well characterized homologue 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) de-hydrogenase but engineered specifically to accommodate its preference for the longer substrate of 2OA over 2OG. A 4.7 Å resolution reconstruction of the human DLST catalytic core is also generated by single-particle electron microscopy, revealing a 24-mer cubic scaffold for assembling DHTKD1 and DLD protomers into a megacomplex. It is further demonstrated that missense DHTKD1 variants causing the inborn error of 2-amino-adipic and 2-oxoadipic aciduria impact on the complex formation, either directly by disrupting the interaction with DLST, or indirectly through destabilizing the DHTKD1 protein. This study provides the starting framework for developing DHTKD1 modulators to probe the intricate mitochondrial energy metabolism.

Original publication

DOI

10.1107/S205225252000696X

Type

Journal article

Journal

IUCrJ

Publication Date

01/07/2020

Volume

7

Pages

693 - 706

Keywords

2-oxoacid de­hydrogenase, 2-oxoadipate, cryo-EM, enzyme mechanisms, human DHTKD1, lysine catabolism, multi-protein complexes, thi­amine diphosphate